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Hepatitis B is a potentially serious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It can cause inflammation of the liver, called ‘hepatitis’, which can lead to cirrhosis and even cancer. The good news is that there are effective ways to prevent HBV infection, including vaccination and safe sex practices.   What is Hepatitis B? Hepatitis B is a virus that can cause inflammation of the liver. It is spread through contact with bodily fluids, including blood and semen. In
Gastric cancer, also known as stomach cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the lining of the stomach. It is a relatively rare form of cancer, but it can be deadly if not caught and treated early. In this patient education article, we will cover the following topics: Risk factors for gastric cancer Symptoms of gastric cancer Diagnosis of gastric cancer Treatment options for gastric cancer Prevention of gastric cancer   Risk Factors of Gastric Cancer Several risk
Swallowing difficulties, also known as dysphagia, is a condition that affects a person’s ability to swallow food and liquids. It can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life and can be caused by a variety of factors.   Types of Dysphagia There are several different types of dysphagia, each with its causes and symptoms. These include:   Oropharyngeal dysphagia This type of dysphagia affects the ability to move food from the mouth to the oesophagus. It can
Helicobacter Pylori Infection or H. pylori is a bacteria that infects the stomach and small intestine and can cause peptic ulcers – sores on the lining of the stomach or small intestine. It is also a risk factor for stomach cancer. H. pylori can be spread through contaminated food or water, or by being in close contact with someone who is infected. It can survive in the acidic environment of the stomach and cause inflammation and irritation of the stomach
Gallstones are small, hard deposits that form in the gallbladder or bile ducts. They can range in size from as small as a grain of sand to as large as a golf ball. Most gallstones are made up of cholesterol, but they can also be made up of other substances such as calcium or bilirubin.   Types of Gallstones There are two main types of gallstones: cholesterol stones and pigment stones. Cholesterol stones are the most common type and are